Despite considerable progress in the past decade, Cambodian women’s participation in political institutions as well as non-formal bodies of political representation remains limited. In response, the Cambodia Gender Democracy program of the Heinrich Böll Foundation is formulated around two main objectives: Contribute to the gender discourse at the national level, in order to shape a genuine national gender democracy perspective. This involves linking gender with environment, as women are the primary actors in agriculture and play a key role in the management of natural resources. Enhance rural women’s participation in politics through the development of grassroots forms of representation, and increase their capacity to push their own agenda for emancipation and the development of their communities. International gender concepts and terminology are not always compatible within the local context, requiring pioneering work to foster a dialogue between various societal groups and stakeholders. The Cambodia Country office uses alternative media such as film and radio in addition to usual dialogue methods to expand the debate, provoke new perspectives, and integrate new, young activists.